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Monday, May 16, 2016

Where have your good old human qualities gone - Divine Quotes



Divine quotes

Where have your good old human qualities gone? 

Truth, tolerance, morality, discipline - when would you accept them? Arise, awake! Establish the Kingdom Divine (Rama-Rajya), resplendent with mansions of truth, right conduct, and peace. Remember and learn from the rule of divine personages, and their characteristics. Quench the burning flames of ignorance, peacelessness, injustice, and envy with the waters of love, forbearance, and truth. Love your fellow brethren.

Develop the feeling of mutuality. Sweep away all jealousy and anger.
All of you must realise your own faults and understand that there is no use in searching for faults in others. It is a mere waste of time; it also breeds quarrels.
So give up that trait. If you miss this opportunity, when will you ever do it? Don’t yield to dejection, but put an end to all the unrighteousness activities of your past. Repent sincerely and tread the path of prayer to God and doing good deeds, and develop brotherly love

Wednesday, May 4, 2016

Careers in Sports - Sports Tips




 
Many young people seem to think that sports-related careers are moreglamorous than other careers. They might be wrong in thinking so.

Some examples of a career in sports are sports coach, sports teacher, sports writer and athletic director. These jobs involve plenty of hard work, irregular hours and a high energy level.
Just like other careers, sports careers have their pros and cons. The most obviousdrawback is the salary. It is usually lower than desired. Another drawback is that the job requires putting in long and irregular hours. Working till late at night, sixty to seventy hours a week is to be expected.

On the other hand, there are some benefits. Besides enjoying their work, many people in a sports career can get extended time off. For example, those who work as sports masters or teachers in schools have vacation breaks between semesters or during the long holidays.
If you are interested in checking out a sports career, you have to undergo some type of training first. This is important. This is true in specialized areas such as sports journalism, coaching and sports administration.

To obtain basic preparation, we have to sign up for an appropriate college program. Many colleges offer courses in sports management, sports medicine, physical education or other related areas. while pursuing the course, it is a good idea to take on a volunteer or part-time role in a sports organization. By getting some firsthand experience, we can be surer if a sports-related career is something we genuinely want to pursue.
   
glamorous attractive in a special way
   
drawback a disadvantage

Dangers on the road - Road Safety Tips

 
The roads of today are choked with cars, lorries, motorcycles and other vehicles. The congestion has increased steadily over the years. The inevitable result of this congestion is the increase in the number of road accidents. Every day many road users get injured or killed. The dangers on the road are many. It is wise to know what they are and how to avoid them.

In towns and cities where the congestion is the greatest, pedestrians are the ones with the highest risks. Flesh is no match against metal or plastic. To be hit by a vehicle almost certainly means injury, or death. Sow hen crossing the streets, it is always better to use the pedestrian crossings that are usually located at junctions, regardless of whether the crossings have light or not. Even so be sure to observe the vehicles on the road before crossing. There are some drivers who do not stop at pedestrian crossings. Cross only when you know it is safe to do so, not because the light is green for you. If there are overhead pedestrian bridges, better still. Use them even though it might be a bit inconvenient. It is better to be safe than sorry.

Dashing across the street anywhere you like is a dangerous act. You might get away with it a thousand times, but it takes only one accident to put you down, temporarily or permanently. The consequences are terrible, as accident victims will testify to.

"Speed kills", as the warning signs on highways say. How true it is. Accidents occurring along the highways are frequently fatal. Sometimes entire families arewiped out in a single accident. The vehicles are reduced to unrecognizable mangled heaps of metal. It is common to read about how the fire department "took an hour to remove the bodies from the wreckage". Do not speed on the road. This is the lesson to be learned.

Despite the horror, many road users have not learned the lesson. They continue to speed and behave recklessly. This is especially so with young motorcyclists. With their devil-may-care attitude and their illegal midnight races, they not only endanger themselves but other road users as well. You will be well-advised to stay clear of them.

When on the road, know the dangers and avoid them. In the first instance, do not endanger other road users with irresponsible behavior such as jaywalking, using the mobile phone while driving and beating red lights. Irresponsible road users are the greatest danger on the road. Do not let yourself be one.
   
wipe out to destroy something completely
   
recklessly doing something dangerous and not worrying about the risks and the possible results
   
jaywalking to walk across a road at a place where it is not allowed or without taking care to avoid the traffic

How to face an important examination day - Examination Tips

How to face an important examination day
 
Finally, the day you have been dreading has arrived - the all important SPM exam. You have checked out the examination hall and your assigned seat. After so many months of preparation and studies, it is time to face the examination.

How do you face such an important day? Firstly, prepare a test kit for the duration of your examination. In your bag, collect all your supplies such as 2B pencils, several pens and other important stationery, a calculator, your geometry set, the important identity card and your examination slip. Put the bag and everything else that you might need, including some notebooks, in one place. This will help to reduce your worries in the morning.

Many students find difficulty sleeping especially if they are facing their first examination. Allow your body to get back to its normal cycle at least a week before the examination if you have been staying up late. Listen to some relaxing music or your favorite radio station before you sleep. Try to relax and remember to set your alarm clock.

Be determined to arrive early at the examination hall. You have enough to worry about in the morning of the big day. When you arrive at the hall, surround yourself with friends who are supportive or just go through your notes quietly. If you do not know the answer to any topic, do not go round asking frantically for the answer. This will just upset you and send you into panic mode.

When you are at the examination hall, follow these steps. Before the examination starts, make sure your question paper is complete. Read the instructions carefully. Do not worry if you cannot answer the very first question or if your mind goes blank. Tell yourself that it will all come back. Tackle the easy questions first. Divide your time carefully for each question and move on to the next question even if you have not finished the first. Plan your answer and try to be neat.

Finally, after each paper, go home and rest. Do not worry about what you could have done or did not do. Try not to discuss the answers with your friends. You should not allow anything to upset the rest of the examination.
   
dreading to feel extremely worried
   
frantically done in a hurry way

Monday, May 2, 2016

ASHOKA - THE WARRIOR PRINCE


One of the greatest emperors known to Indian history, Ashoka, was the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya and the son of Bindusar. The land he ruled stretched from the Himalayas, Nepal and Kashmir to Mysore in the South. From Afghanistan in the N.E. to the banks of the River Brahmaputra in the East. In the West his territory covered Saurashtra and Junagarh.
 

Ashoka's Reign
Born in 294 BC as second son to Bindusar, the King of Patliputra, Ashokawas not heir apparent. After his father died, his elder brother Suman was to take over the reins of the Kingdom. But as most of the ministers foundAshoka more efficient, they helped him attain power.
Ashoka was a good administrator and at first set about restoring peace in his kingdom. This took about 3 years, after which he formally accepted the throne and was crowned King in 273 BC.  During his reign, the country made progress in terms of science and technology as well as advanced in medicine and surgery. Religion was emphasized and so the people were honest and straightforward and truthful. Stealing was unheard of.
Ashoka, himself was a great philanthropist and worked day and night for the welfare of his people. He knew exactly what was going on in each part of his vast territory. He would not partake any of his meals until and unless he had fed a thousand Brahmins.
 

The Kalinga War
This was the first and last battle that Ashoka ever fought and serves as a watermark in his life as it changed his course forever. It was during this war that he earned the title Ashoka the Great.
Kalinga was a prosperous little kingdom lying between the river Godavari and Mahanadi, close to the Bay of Bengal. It had an infantry of 60,000 men, 10,000 horsemen and 600 elephants. Ashoka wanted to capture this fertile land, and so had it surrounded. But the brave and loyal people of Kalinga did not want to lose their independence.
A fierce battle followed, in which there were too many casualties. There were more than a lakh prisoners of war. In the midst of the battlefield,Ashoka stood with the wounded, crippled and the dead all around him. This was the consequence of his greed. A new light dawned on him, and he swore that he would never wage war again.
 

Ashoka's Conversion
Ashoka was initiated into Buddhism, after which his life was completely transformed. He religiously followed the principles of Buddhism - that of truth, charity, kindness, purity and goodness.
He did his bit towards the propagation of this religion by engraving it's principles on pillars throughout his kingdom. The Ashoka pillars, as they are now called, were over 40 feet high and extremely heavy. He also attempted to spread this religion to Syria, Egypt and Macedonia, and sent his son Mahendra and daughter Sangamitra to Sri Lanka for this purpose.
Ashoka opened charitable hospitals and dispensaries for the welfare of the poor. He planted trees to provide shade and opened inns for the shelter of travelers and laid out green parks and gardens to beautify his kingdom. Wells and tanks were also constructed for the benefit of his people.  He believed in non-violence and so he banned the sacrifice of animals. Besides this he opened clinics for birds and animals too. His good works earned him the name of Devanamapriya Priyadarshi.
 

Ashoka Chakra
He died in 232 BC. After doing a great deal of good for his kingdom and the world at large. His fame has spread far and wide. To commemorate his rule and its implications the Government of India has adopted the AshokaChakra as its national symbol, which can be seen till today on the national flag.

BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF Rabindranath Tagore


Even though, he was most famous as a poet, he was also an artist, novelist, playwright, philosopher and freedom fighter. Or simply, the writer of songs filled with love. His poetry covered a vast range of topics from nature to patriotism.
 

Early Life
Born on 8th May 1861 in Calcutta to Maharishi Devendranath, who himself came from a family of nobility, he was the youngest of 14 children. The family was addressed by the honourable title 'Thakur' which was later changed to Tagore.
His mother Sharadadevi expired when he was still young, and his father rarely spent much quality time with him. As a result he grew up extremely sensitive and non - conventional. He could not tolerate any kind of authority, and so, his schooling suffered. But he made up for all this, with the beautiful, mystical poems that he wrote, right from childhood.
 

His Life's Work
Tagore wrote numerous stories, songs, dramas, letters, diaries and essays on a variety of subjects ranging from religion to science, music to politics, education and social reform. Whatever he attempted had a distinctive style of its own. Even his works of art are nothing short of masterpieces. 
He received the Nobel Prize in Literature on Nov. 13, 1913, for his most famous work - 'Gitanjali'. This is a collection of poems that talk about life and death, love and its connection to the spirit. His well known novels written in Bengali are Gora, Vibha Raja aur Rani, Nauka Dubi and Binodini. Two of his short stories - Kabuliwallah and Kshudita Pashan have been immortalised.
 

His Contribution
With the money he received from the Nobel Prize, Tagore had established an international institution of learning called Shantiniketan in 1901. Today this goes under the name of Vishwabharati University and serves as a memorial to his name.
Tagore had also been conferred the title of 'Sir' by the British Government but he returned that honour after the Jallianwallah Baug tragedy (Amritsar) in 1919.
He expired on August 8, 1941, but is immortalised by his work and the love in the hearts of the people of India.

LEGENDS OF INDIA - DR BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR - BRIEF BIODATA


Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is a pure symbol of hard work, dedication, commitment, love and humanity. He is a father of Indian constitution and dynamic character of India's history. Read on to know more about his life and struggle against social evils. 


Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is the most dynamic character in India's struggle for freedom. Struggle of India's people was not only against the British rule. At that time the people also needed to be freed from the rude customs and traditions which led to exploitation. Also they need to be freed form the customs and traditions which led to the raise in concepts like untouchability. 

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar played an important role in the welfare of the downtrodden in India. He showed them a path which not only led to their development but also the development of India. Read on to know more about some facts of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's life.


Birth of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar 

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891 to Bimabai and Ramji. He was the fourteenth and last child of his parents. He was born in Mhow which was a British founded town and military cantonment in Madhya Pradesh. He was named as Bhimrao by his parents. His family actually belonged to Ambavade town located in Maharashtra. However his family had to migrate towards Madhya Pradesh as his father was servingIndian Army at Mhow.


Studies of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar 

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar had to face lots of hardships to complete his education. However his strong will and dedication helped him to remove all the obstacles and complete his studies. He had to go through various social and financial obstacles. He faced lot of humiliation at his school as socialdiscrimination was highly prevalent in India at that time. However, he did not give up his desire to learn and work hard. His father was a great source of inspiration for him to love learning and working hard. 

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar studied in the prestigious Columbia University in New York in 1913. The experience of studying in USA was very amazing and refreshing for him as he was away from the social discrimination and hardships resulting due to it. However, He did not get carried away with all these things. He studied for eighteen hours a day. He completed his M.A in two years and his main subjects were Economics and Sociology. The very next year of completion of his M.A, he completed his PhD thesis too.


Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's struggle against untouchability 

After completing his studies he came back to India and got a job in Baroda Civil Service. Once again he had to face this worst Hindu system of humiliating untouchables. He decided to give a strong answer to this treatment given to untouchables. 

His weekly publication Mooknayak was one of tools which he used tostruggle against untouchability. He used this tool for criticizing traditional Hindu political leaders and practices of cast discrimination. He delivered various speeches to encourage the untouchables to fight against social discrimination

He also started takings meetings known as Bahiskrit Hitakarani Sabha for the encouraging the welfare, education and social development of lower class. He also undertook massive movements to give rights to untouchables to share common source of drinking water with others and enter the temples.


Sculptor of Indian constitution 

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar prepared the constitution of India which is world's largest democratic country. He prepared it with the help of his extensive knowledge about Economics, Law, Politics, Indian society and detailed study of constitutions of other countries. 

Through his superior work he wanted to appeal Indians to become such a nation where caste does not create barrier to live a happier social life. All the Indians owe a lot to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar for receiving such a precious gift in the form of constitution. Today we can see a picture of India as a super power country. India is running successfully on the basis of this excellent constitution and the whole credit goes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.


Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's conversion to Buddhism 

After Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar returned from a Buddhist conference in Sri Lanka in 1950, he addressed people in Bombay. He appealed all his peopleto follow Buddhism to put end to all their sufferings. He also decided to spend rest of his life in learning more about Buddhism and encouragingpeople to follow Buddhism. Therefore on 14th October 1956 he organised a ceremony where lakhs of people came and accepted Buddhism as their religion along with him. 

One of the features of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's multidimensional character was that he had great love for books. His interest in reading was so deep that he could concentrate on reading even in crowded or very noisy places. He could read books even during having a normal discussion with his friends, family or colleagues. He was successful to put end to the sufferings of millions. He is a pure example and inspiration of hard work, dedication, commitment, love and humanity.


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