Friday, January 29, 2016

The Sharpest Shield and Sword.

A man who made spears and shields once came to Akbar’s court.
“Your Majesty, nobody can make shields and spears to equal mine,” he said. “My shields are so strong that nothing can pierce them and my spears are so sharp that there’s nothing they cannot pierce.”
“I can prove you wrong on one count certainly,” said Birbal suddenly.
“Impossible!” declared the man.
“Hold up one of your shields and I will pierce it with one of your spears,” said Birbal with a smile.

Birbal Stories: The Blind Saint

There lived a saint in an ashram in the kingdom of Emperor Akbar.
He was believed to prophecy the future correctly.
Once he had a visitor who had come to treat their niece. The child’s parents were killed in front of the girl’s eyes. Once she saw the saint, she started to scream loudly saying that that saint was the culprit.
Angered by the girl’s words, the saint demanded the couple to get away with their child.
The whole day the girl cried which made the couple to realize that the girl was not lying.
Therefore, they decided to seek the help of Birbal.
Birbal consoled them and asked them to wait at the Emperor’s assembly. Birbal had invited the saint to Akbar’s court too.
Then in front of all the ministers he drew a sword and neared the saint to kill him. The saint in bewilderment immediately drew another sword and began to fight. Thus by this act of the saint it was proved that he wasn’t blind.
Therefore, Akbar demanded to hang the culprit and rewarded the girl for her bravery for telling the truth even at the critical situation.

Akbar’s Dream

Not only other people but also  Akbar tried to defeat  Birbal . Once   Akbar was narrating a dream. The dream began with Akbar and Birbal walking towards each other on a dark night It was so dark that they could not see each other, and so collided and fell. The King said  “Fortunately for me, I fell into a sea of Paayzam, an Indian sweet.  but guess what Birbal fell into?” Courtiers asked “What, Huzoor?”
“A gutter.” The whole court begin to laugh so loudly as they got a chance to laugh at Birbal . The King was happy as at least for once he had been able to defeat the Birbal.
But Birbal was quite. As soon as the laughter died , he said  “Huzoor, I also had the same dream, but unlike you I slept on till the end. When you climbed out of that pool of delicious Paayazam, and I out of that stinking gutter, we found that there was no water to clean ourselves and so do you know what we did?”
Akbar asked “What?”
Birbal said “We licked each other to clean each other.”
Akbar became speechless and he never tried  let Birbal down again.
Not only other people but also Akbar tried to defeat Birbal . Once Akbar was narrating a dream. The dream began with Akbar and Birbal walking towards each other on a dark night It was so dark that they could not see each other, and so collided and fell. The King said “Fortunately for me, I fell into a sea of Paayzam, an Indian sweet. but guess what Birbal fell into?” Courtiers asked “What, Huzoor?” “A gutter.” The whole court begin to laugh so loudly as they got a chance to laugh at Birbal . The King was happy as at least for once he had been able to defeat the Birbal. But Birbal was quite. As soon as the laughter died , he said “Huzoor, I also had the same dream, but unlike you I slept on till the end. When you climbed out of that pool of delicious Paayazam, and I out of that stinking gutter, we found that there was no water to clean ourselves and so do you know what we did?” Akbar asked “What?” Birbal said “We licked each other to clean each other.” Akbar became speechless and he never tried let Birbal down again.

Clever Birbal

Once an oil merchant and the villager came to Akbar with a quarrel about the money Bag.
Merchant said that When the villager came to buy oil from him he gave them the oil and collected money from them.  But villager said he had never visited Oil shop. Each claimed that the bag belonged to him.
Everybody in the court were surprised and was waiting eagerly how Akbar would solve this problem.
Akbar asked Birbal to find the solution. He asked for some water in a bowl. The servant brought the water. Birbal placed the bag in the bowl. After sometime everybody saw some oil float on water. Birbal told that the bag belonged to the oil merchant not to the villager. If villager didnt visit the oil shop then there would be no oil on coins or bag.
Everybody praised Birbal and the customer was punished.

Honest Birbal

One fine day Akbar was discussing the brinjal with Birbal . He told him what a delicious and nutritious vegetable it was. Birbal agreed with him and said “Huzoor you are right brinjal is delicious vegetable”.
After a few of days. Birbal was also eating at the palace that day. When the brinjal curry was served to Akbar , he refused it saying that it was a tasteless vegetable, full of seeds and lacking proper nutrition.
Birbal, too, refused it saying that it was not good for health. So Akbar impatiently asked him why he was saying such things when he praise brinjals a few days ago.
Birbal replied that he had praised the brinjal only because his emperor had praised it and criticized it when his majesty had criticized it, as he was loyal to his emperor and to not the brinjal. He said that the brinjal could not make him a minister no matter how much he praised it. He went on to say that he was his majesty’s obedient servant, and not that of the brinjal.
The King was pleased by his honest and witty response.

Red Hot Iron

One day, one rich man wanted to punish a man named Hasan. He blamed him that he had stolen necklace from his house, and reported to the Akbar . The case was brought in the court. Akbar asked the man, “Why do you think that Hasan has stolen your necklace?” The man replied, “Your Honor, I have seen him stealing the necklace.” Hasan said, “No Huzoor I am innocent,  I do not know anything about necklace.”
The rich man said, “Huzoor If he is innocent, let him prove his innocence. let me bring the hot iron, and if he can hold it in his bare hands, then I will agree that he has not stolen my necklace, and he is speaking truth.”
Hasan said, “If I am speaking the truth, then I will not burn my hands with that hot iron?”

“you are right. God will protect you.” said the rich man.
Now Hasan could not do anything but to hold red hot iron in his hands to prove his innocence, and that he was speaking the truth. He asked Akbar to give him one day to look for that necklace again and He went home.
He took advice from Birbal . When he returned next day, he said, “I am ready for that. But the same thing should apply to him too. If he is speaking the truth, then the red hot iron should not burn his hands also. So let him bring that red hot iron holding in his both hands, then I will hold that iron in my bare hands.”

Now the rich man was speechless. He told the Akbar that he would go and search his necklace again in his house, maybe it was misplaced somewhere there.
Akbar ordered to give necklace to Hasan as a punishment to the Rich man.

Wednesday, January 27, 2016


Two large fishes, Sahasrabuddhi and Satabuddhi lived in a big pond, and were close friends with a frog called Ekabuddhi. They spent a lot of time together on the bank of the pond. 

One evening, as they were assembled on the bank of the pond, they saw a few fishermen approaching. They had nets and big baskets with them, which were full of fishes that they had caught. 

While passing by the pond, they noticed that the pond was full of fishes. One of them said to the others, "Let us come here tomorrow morning. This pond is not very deep, and is full of fishes. We have never caught fishes in this pond." 

They agreed to return the very next morning, and continued their journey homewards. 
The frog was depressed on hearing the fishermen and said, "O Friends, we should decide what to do, whether to run or hide. These fishermen will return tomorrow morning!" 
The fishes however did not care much. The first fish said, "O Friend, It is just mere talks of few passing fishermen. Don't worry, for they will not come. And, even if they do, I know innumerable tricky water movements. I shall save myself and my family with ease." 

The second fish joined, "I am as talented in tricky water movements as you! I will be able to save myself and my family too. I support your stand, for I will not abandon the home of our ancestors for the sake of some mere talk of few passing fishermen." 
But the frog was not convinced, he said, "My friends, my only talent is that I can foresee danger. You may stay, but I will leave with my family to some other pond before morning." 
The very next morning, the fishermen came and cast their nets all over the pond. They had a big haul, and caught many fishes, frogs, tortoises and crabs.

Sahasrabuddhi and Satabuddhi tried hard to escape, but none of their tricks worked. They were caught, and when the fishermen dragged their net on the bank of the pond they were already dead. 
Being the largest of the fishes the fishermen caught, they proudly displayed Sahasrabuddhi and Satabuddhi, and carried them separately as they started homewards. 
Meanwhile, the frog, Ekabuddhi, had already found a well for shelter. Being worried and anxious, he came to the surface. But as he saw the fishermen departing with his friends, he became sad. 
He told his wife, "They were very talented, but lacked the only talent that was most important. As for me, I may have only one talent, but I swim happily with my family!" 


Four naive Brahmins, who were great friends, lived in a certain town. 
One day, they decided to study hard and acquire knowledge. They would then be able to make money. It was decided that they would require going to a different town to do that. 
So, they travelled to a new city, and joined a hermitage to further their study. For twelve years they studied very hard, and mastered many fields of knowledge. 
One day, they discussed, "Now that we have finally acquired sufficient knowledge in many branches of science, let us ask our Guru's permission to depart from this hermitage. We are finally prepared to earn money by applying our knowledge." 
They asked their Guru's permission, who blessed them for success. They then started to travel, with all the shastras (holy books of knowledge). After travelling for a while, they came across an intersection, where the path was divided into two different directions. 
They started pondering on which path they should take to further their travel. 
Meanwhile, a merchant's son had died in a nearby town. As they stood pondering, a huge funeral procession headed their way. The procession included several prominent people, and they were going to the cremation ground. 
Consulting the scriptures of the shastras, one of the Brahmins declared, "The right path to follow is the path taken by great men!" Thus, they decided to take the same path as that of the funeral procession. 
On reaching the cremation ground, the people in the funeral procession stopped, and initiated the funeral proceedings. Now, they started pondering what course of action they should take next. 
While pondering such, they saw a donkey nearby. Consulting the scriptures of the shastras, a Brahmin declared, "A true friend is one who stands by you on all occasions. Be the occasion joyous or sad!" 
Thus, they accepted the donkey as their true friend. They put their arms around the donkey's neck, adored and kissed him, after washing his hoofs with water. 
At this time, they observed a camel running towards them, from a distance. Quickly consulting their scriptures of the shastras, one of the Brahmins declared, "Righteousness marches rapidly!". Thus, they agreed that the camel marching quickly towards them must be righteousness incarnate, and nothing else. 
Another Brahmin, on consulting his scriptures declared, "A good man should always lead his friend to righteousness!" 
Thus, they stopped the approaching camel and introduced it with the donkey. Then, they tied the donkey to the camel in order to lead their friend to righteousness. The camel dragged the donkey, while continuing his journey. 
The donkey's master was a washerman, who saw the four Brahmins tie his donkey to the camel. He was angered by this, and ran after the Brahmins with a stick. 
On being chased, the four learned fools, ran for their lives and reached a river. They observed that a leaf of a holy tree was floating on the water of the river. 
One of the Brahmins declared, "Holiness carries one across the river of life!" He jumped at once, on the holy leaf to cross the river. Unable to swim, he immediately began to drown. 
When another Brahmin saw him being dragged by the river, he got into the river at once and caught him by the neck. But the currents of the river were very strong and he was not able to drag his friend to the bank of the river. He remembered from the scriptures, "When a wise man knows that total destruction is imminent, he would sacrifice half and work with the rest!" 
He immediately took out his sword, and cut his friend into half. He was then, able to drag him to the bank of the river. But, by that time he had already died. 
They regretted their friend's loss, and later the three remaining Brahmins continued their journey. 
After they wandered for some time, they reached a village. The villagers welcomed them in a very hospitable fashion, and offered them different houses to stay. They villagers decided that three different families will serve them with their dinner. 
One Brahmin was served with sweet noodles. He remembered from scriptures, "Long tactics will surely take a man to destruction!" Thus, he did not eat the food, and remained hungry throughout the night. 
Another Brahmin was served with a bowl of frothy soup, He remembered from scriptures, "Whatever is frothy and distended, does not last long!" Thus, he did not eat the food, and remained hungry throughout the night, too. 
The third Brahmin was served a tasty food with a hole in the middle. He remembered, "Defects are an imminent sign of approaching danger!" Thus, he did not eat the food, and remained hungry throughout the night, either. 
When the villagers came to know in the morning, that they did not have the dinners served for them, they laughed and ridiculed them. 
Angrily, the three remaining learned fools started to depart from the village. As they started their journey, the villagers went a long distance with them - all the time, ridiculing, laughing and mocking them on their way. 


There was an old snake named Mandavishya, who lived near a mountain. 
Due to his old age, he was unable to prey on frogs. He thought, "I am too old to hunt for food. I will not be able to live long without food, and it is only going to make me weaker to hunt, as well. I have to think of something". 
Suddenly, an idea struck him. As planned, he went to a nearby pond, which was full of frogs, and relaxed on the bank of the pond without any intention to hunt. He behaved as though he had nothing to do with the frogs. 
At first the frogs ran away, but as he was not hunting, the frogs gathered some courage and approached him. One of them asked, "O Snake! Why do you not hunt, as is your behaviour?" 
The snake replied casually, "I have no desire for food, as I am unfortunate. I'll explain to you. Last night, when I was wandering about in search of frogs, I bit a Brahmin's son in frustration of not finding any prey. The Brahmin cursed me. He said, 'From now onwards, you shall be able to do nothing but serve frogs. You will have to live off what frogs offer to you!' And so, I lie here, to serve any frogs who wants my services. I can give a ride on my back to any frog who wishes for a ride" 
When the news reached the king of frogs, he visited the snake along with his ministers. On being assured by the snake that he means no harm, the king decided to take a ride on the snake's back. The snake rode him around the pond, and the king was very entertained. Even the ministers and other snakes took turns to ride the snake, and they were very entertained, too. 
The snake, too, proved himself a good entertainer by exhibiting various styles of crawling. The frogs, especially the king of frogs, were delighted. The frogs jumped and hopped all the way. 
The next morning the snake pretended to be weak and crawled slowly on purpose. The king of frogs, on the other hand, was excited to start the morning with a ride on the snake's back. He observed the snake's behaviour and enquired. 
The snake replied, "I am too weak to crawl. I have not eaten for so long, and must eat something to be strong to give you a ride." 
The king of frogs thought for a while, consulted his ministers, and decided that they must serve the snake one frog a day to keep him strong. This was what the snake had planned for. He praised his kindness, and gave him and the other frogs a ride on his back. 
From then onwards, the snake gave ride to the frogs, and got to eat one frog every day. In a short time, he regained strength. On the other hand, the king of frogs was too excited to realize the frogs were rapidly decreasing in numbers and there were only a handful of them that remained. 
The frog king was so completely taken in by the snake's talk that he did not understand his real motive. 
One day, a big black snake arrived at the bank of the pond. He was very surprised to see the excited frogs hopping in joy, and riding on the snake's back. 
The black snake enquired, "O friend! Why are you carrying frogs on your back? They are our food!" 
The old snake explained everything to the black snake. He continued, "I have discovered many different tastes after eating many different frogs here. I have this easy way of life, and enjoying it here." 
Over time, the snake had eaten even the larger snakes, and started eating the ministers and the king's relatives. Finally, one day, he ate the king also and thus, the entire frogs in the pond perished. 

Tuesday, January 26, 2016



It is estimated that 5% of cancer is genetic and 95% is a result of lifestyle and environmental factors. Over 6 million (and growing) dogs die from cancer each year! More than 1 in 2 dogs and 1 in 3 cats are diagnosed with cancer.

A new turmeric study reveals that one of the world's most extensively researched herbs has the ability to selectively target and destroy cancer stem cells, while having little to no toxicity on normal stem cells.

This means that, unlike chemotherapy which will destroy regular healthy cells, turmeric will only go after cancer cells in you and your pets!

The only problem is with using turmeric to smash cancer or to heal inflammation like arthritis is its low bioavailability when eaten on its own.

You see, approximately 5% of the spice turmeric is composed of the active compound curcumin and this is the stuff that gives turmeric its power. Then, to top it all off, turmeric root is poorly absorbed across the G.I. tract and is rapidly cleared from the blood.

If pets or people are given turmeric root, within an hour, there’s a little tiny bit that actually makes its way into their blood stream. The reason for this is because the liver is actively trying to get rid of it! So, while a ton of pet owners may be giving their pets turmeric, most are seeing little to no results.


There’s an easy-to-make recipe that will actually make turmeric root powder, and its power-punching curcumin, over 2000% more readily available to your pet’s body!

The solution? An old Ayurvedic recipe called Turmeric Paste (aka Golden Paste) that has been prepared in India for thousands of years!

“How is it prepared in India? With fat and black pepper. Amazing how they could figure that out without double blind trials. (Though maybe it just tastes good, and it’s merely coincidence?)” -Michael Greger, M.D

A source of fresh ground black pepper and a healthy fat can turn this solo herb, turmeric, into a super powerful rock band!

According to research, about 5% of black pepper by weight is comprised of a compound called piperine, which enhances the bioavailability of Turmeric.

Australian Vet, Dr. Doug English, advises to add freshly ground peppercorns (piperine) to your mixture of turmeric root, piperine will increase intestinal absorption allowing time for the curcumin to be taken up into the blood stream.

“By taking just a quarter teaspoon’s worth of black pepper, you see curcumin (turmeric root) levels skyrocket. The same amount of curcumin consumed, but the bioavailability shoots up 2000%. Even just a little pinch of pepper—1/20th of a teaspoon—can significantly boost levels.” -Michael Greger, M.D

Not only can adding fresh ground pepper make turmeric more bioavailable but piperine in black pepper can trigger TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1) in the body. This triggering can reduce pain!

Ok, so why the coconut oil?

According to research: “Another way to boost the absorption of curcumin is to consume it in the whole food, turmeric root (fresh or dried as a powder) because natural oils found in turmeric root and turmeric powder can enhance the bioavailability of curcumin seven to eight fold. When eaten with fat, curcumin can be directly absorbed into the bloodstream through the lymphatic system thereby in part bypassing the liver.”

You can use good clean organic fats like olive oil, fish oil or, my favorite, coconut oil!

For more on coconut oil -


First source the following ingredients-

- ½ cup of organic turmeric root powder
- 1 cup of clean spring or filtered water (may need more)
- 1 ½ teaspoons freshly ground black pepper (fresh is always best because of the piperine levels)
- ¼ cup organic cold pressed virgin coconut oil (you can also use olive oil)

Here’s how easy it is: just mix the turmeric root powder with the 1 cup of water in a pan or pot, you may need to add more water if needed. Stir the mixture on medium/low heat and in about 7 to 10 minutes, it should form a thick paste. (If your paste looks runny, just add a bit more turmeric and heat it for another couple of minutes.)

Once turned into a paste, add the fresh cracked pepper and coconut oil, and then stir it up!

Once cool, place the paste in a mason jar and store it in your fridge. The paste should last for about 2 weeks.

Start with about ¼ to ½ tsp, depending on the size of your dog. You can increase the amount from there, up to about a Tbsp for larger dogs.

*NOTE: Follow dosage in the writeup and not the photo.

For more on turmeric –

For more info on how to use this paste, check out the turmeric group here -

If there was ever a time to start a preventative plan, like adding turmeric root to your pet’s diet, the time is now!


Sanskrit Name: AGASTHYA
Hindi: गाछ मूंगा (gaach-munga)
Kannada: agase
Telugu: (avisi)
Marathi: (heta)
Bengali :(Bokfu)

It is a fast-growing tree, leaves are regular and rounded and the flowers white and red in color according to its species. The fruits look like flat, long and thin green beans. The tree thrives under full exposure to sunshine and is extremely frost sensitive.
The root of Indian medicine (Siddha and Ayurveda) is using natural ingredients found in the Nature, as the trees, leaves, fruits, nuts, roots, bark etc.., totally everything is used from lot of things found naturally by our mother earth.
In olden days our ancestors always had a very particular method of eating food, which I think most of the Indians that too specially our bloggers who love food, basically who try to cook and bake good food healthy and nutritious food understand the importance our ancestors applied in their food habits in everyday cooking.., One such recipe is Agathi Keerai/ agase soppu in kannada also called Aathi keerai is called Humming bird tree in English, The Botanical name for this tree is Sesbania Grandiflora tree.
This tree has got a number of medicinal properties which is used in our SIDDHA, Ayurvedic and other traditional medicines.
This Dry curry is usually made on Dwadashi day that is after the Ekadasi day which is an auspicious day dedicated to Lord Vishnu on the eleventh day of Lunar fortnight. The Dhuvadeshi day which falls on the 12th day that is the next day after Ekadasi, every month
The devotees who absorb Ekadasi by fasting the whole day, will prepare a very tailored food the next day, This is one such recipe prepared on that day, we usually make AGASE PALYA, (agathi keerai poriyal)
This green leaves is a bitter to taste, but it is very good for health.
The exact origin of this tree is not known but it is considered native to many south-east Asian countries. Until recently, the use of perennial Sesbania species has largely been restricted to south and south-east Asia. Most of the early research on the use of perennial Sesbania for forage production was conducted in India
Indigenous from Malaysia to North Australia; Cultivated in many parts of India. It has a large number of traditional uses It grows where there is good soil and hot humid temperature. Die in snow, cold weather. It's a tropical plant.

Leaves used as tonic, diuretic, laxative, antipyretic, chewed to disinfect mouth and throat.Flower in headache, dimness of vision, Catarrh, Headache, cooling and improving appetite, bitter, astringent, acrid, antipyretic.
Bark is used for cooling (ayurveda and siddha medicinal terms), bitter tonic, anthelmintic, febrifuge, diarrhea, Small pox, Astringent.Fruits in Bitter & acrid, laxative, fever, pain, bronchitis, anemia, tumors,colic, jaundice, poisoning. Root used in Rheumatism, Expectorant, Painful swelling, Catarrh.
the ethanol extract of Sesbania grandiflora was effective in inhibiting the tumor growth in ascetic models.
Please consult your doctor for your health problems . This is an educational article and not a substitute for proper medical care.


The Hindi: Adrak, English name ginger comes from French: gingembre, Old English: gingifere, Medieval Latin: ginginer, Greek: zingíberis (ζιγγίβερις). Ultimately the origin is from Tamil word 'inji ver' (இஞ்சி வேர்) or Malayalam word 'inji veru' (ഇഞ്ചി വേര്). The botanical term for root in Tamil is ver (வேர்) and Malayalam is veru (വേര്), hence inji root or inji ver."

"The AYURVEDA & NATURAL HEALING is an ETERNAL SCIENCE which is based on the Theories of NATURAL PHENOMENA i.e five Divine Tattwa (Earth, Air, Water, Fire & Ether)."
*~Guru Tattwa, Poetyca, Prarabdha ~*

"PLEASE TAKE A FEW MINUTES TO READ THESE WORDS OF WISDOM, PEACE, LOVE AND LIGHT & for the Manifestation of INNER BLISS" & over come the Global Warming}.
*~Guru Tattwa, Poetyca, Prarabdha ~*

"When Diet is Wrong Medicine is of No Use."
"When Diet is Correct Medicine is of No Need."
*~Ayurvedic Proverb: LORD CHARAK ~*

*~Guru Tattwa, Poetyca, Prarabdha ~*

"Those who find beauty in all of nature will find themselves at one with the secrets of life itself."
*~ L.W. Gilbert ~*

"The Physical & Mental health of an individual primarily depend on Emotional Health and only when the physical, mental and emotional health of the individual is achieved , can it give rise to Social, Religious & Spiritual Health.
All the SIX are interdependent and constitute a Whole Divine Human."
*~Guru Tattwa, Poetyca, Prarabdha ~*

"Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself."
*~ Divine Leo Tolstoy~*

"The Ancient Indian Natural System (Vedas) of Culture teaches Vegetarianism as way to Divine Live with a minimum of hurt to another beings, for to consume meat, fish,fowl or eggs is to participate indirectly in acts (karma, actions) of cruelty and violence against the Animal Kingdom."

"The meat eater's desire for meat drives another to kill and provide that meat. Meat eating contributes to a mentally of Violence, for with the chemically complex meat ingested, one absorbs the slaughtered creature's FEAR, PAIN & TERROR."

"These subtle qualities of sins are nourished within the meat eater, perpetuating the Cycle of Cruelty, Confusion, Illusion & Prarabdha (destiny, past karma)."

"India's greatest Divine Saints have confirmed that one cannot eat meat and live a peaceful & harmonious (Sattawic) Life."

"Our Veda says that we are made of Five divine Elements : Earth, Water, Prakash (Fire), Air & Ether (Akash)."

" They also explained that we have Five Subtle Bodies, termed "SHARIRA " or "PINDA" or "KOSHA" : These are
1. Annamaya 2. Pranamaya 3. Manomaya 4. Vigyanmaya; and 5. Anandmaya."

"Human thinks, Invents, Loves, Suffers, Admires and do Pray, Japa , Sadhan , Yoga, Meditation, with his Brain, Chitta (mind stuff, psyche) , organs & his Five Subtle Bodies, termed "SHARIRA " or "PINDA" or "KOSHA" : These are1. Annamaya 2. Pranamaya 3. Manomaya 4. Vigyanmaya; and 5. Anandmaya.""Ginger or ginger root (Hindi - Adarak)is the rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale, consumed as a delicacy, medicine, or spice. It lends its name to its genus and family (Zingiberaceae). Other notable members of this plant family are turmeric, cardamom, and galangal."

"The English name ginger comes from French: gingembre, Old English: gingifere, Medieval Latin: ginginer, Greek: zingíberis (ζιγγίβερις). Ultimately the origin is from Tamil word 'inji ver' (இஞ்சி வேர்) or Malayalam word 'inji veru' (ഇഞ്ചി വേര്). The botanical term for root in Tamil is ver (வேர்) and Malayalam is veru (വേര്), hence inji root or inji ver."
"Ginger Plant with Flower - South India"

"Ginger produces clusters of white and pink flower buds that bloom into yellow flowers. Because of its aesthetic appeal and the adaptation of the plant to warm climates, ginger is often used as landscaping around subtropical homes. It is a perennial reed-like plant with annual leafy stems, about a meter (3 to 4 feet) tall. Traditionally, the rhizome is gathered when the stalk withers; it is immediately scalded, or washed and scraped, to kill it and prevent sprouting. The fragrant perisperm of Zingiberaceae is used as sweetmeats by Bantu, also as a condiment and sialogogue."

"Gari (ginger)"

"Ginger produces a hot, fragrant kitchen spice. Young ginger rhizomes are juicy and fleshy with a very mild taste. They are often pickled in vinegar or sherry as a snack or just cooked as an ingredient in many dishes. They can also be steeped in boiling water to make ginger tea, to which honey is often added; sliced orange or lemon fruit may also be added. Ginger can also be made into candy, or ginger wine which has been made commerically since 1740."

"Mature ginger rhizomes are fibrous and nearly dry. The juice from old ginger roots is extremely potent[6] and is often used as a spice in Indian recipes, and is a quintessential ingredient of Chinese, Korean, Japanese and many South Asian cuisines for flavoring dishes such as seafood or goat meat and vegetarian cuisine."

"Ginger acts as a useful food preservative."

"Fresh ginger can be substituted for ground ginger at a ratio of 6 to 1, although the flavors of fresh and dried ginger are somewhat different. Powdered dry ginger root is typically used as a flavoring for recipes such as gingerbread, cookies, crackers and cakes, ginger ale, and ginger beer."

"Candied ginger is the root cooked in sugar until soft, and is a type of confectionery."

"Fresh ginger may be peeled before eating. For longer-term storage, the ginger can be placed in a plastic bag and refrigerated or frozen."
Regional use
Look up ginger in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

In Western cuisine, ginger is traditionally used mainly in sweet foods such as ginger ale, gingerbread, ginger snaps, parkin, ginger biscuits and speculaas. A ginger-flavored liqueur called Canton is produced in Jarnac, France. Green ginger wine is a ginger-flavored wine produced in the United Kingdom, traditionally sold in a green glass bottle. Ginger is also used as a spice added to hot coffee and tea."

"Ginger field:Fresh ginger rhizome."

In India and Pakistan, ginger is called adrak in Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu, aad in Maithili, aadi in Bhojpuri, aada in Bengali, Adu in Gujarati, hashi shunti (ಹಸಿ ಶುಂಟಿ) in the Kannada, allam (అల్లం) in Telugu, inji (இஞ்சி) in Tamil and Malayalam, inguru (ඉඟුරු) in Sinhalese, alay in Marathi, and aduwa(अदुवा ) in Nepali. Fresh ginger is one of the main spices used for making pulse and lentil curries and other vegetable preparations. Fresh, as well as dried, ginger is used to spice tea and coffee, especially in winter. Ginger powder is also used in certain food preparations, particularly for pregnant or nursing women, the most popular one being katlu which is a mixture of gum resin, ghee, nuts, and sugar. Ginger is also consumed in candied and pickled form. In Bangladesh, ginger is finely chopped or ground into a paste to use as a base for chicken and meat dishes alongside onion and garlic.

In Burma, ginger is called gyin. It is widely used in cooking and as a main ingredient in traditional medicines. It is also consumed as a salad dish called gyin-thot, which consists of shredded ginger preserved in oil, and a variety of nuts and seeds. In Indonesia, a beverage called wedang jahe is made from ginger and palm sugar. Indonesians also use ground ginger root, called jahe, as a common ingredient in local recipes. In Malaysia, ginger is called halia and used in many kinds of dishes, especially a soup. In the Philippines it is brewed into a tea called salabat. In Vietnam, the fresh leaves, finely chopped, can also be added to shrimp-and-yam soup (canh khoai mỡ) as a top garnish and spice to add a much subtler flavor of ginger than the chopped root.

In China, sliced or whole ginger root is often paired with savory dishes such as fish, and chopped ginger root is commonly paired with meat, when it is cooked. However, candied ginger is sometimes a component of Chinese candy boxes, and a tisane can also be prepared from ginger.

In Japan, ginger is pickled to make beni shoga and gari or grated and used raw on tofu or noodles. It is also made into a candy called shoga no sato zuke. In the traditional Korean kimchi, ginger is finely minced and added to the ingredients of the spicy paste just before the fermenting process.

In the Caribbean, ginger is a popular spice for cooking, and making drinks such as sorrel, a seasonal drink made during the Christmas season. Jamaicans make ginger beer both as a carbonated beverage and also fresh in their homes. Ginger tea is often made from fresh ginger, as well as the famous regional specialty Jamaican ginger cake.
Two varieties of ginger as sold in Haikou, Hainan, China

On the island of Corfu, Greece, a traditional drink called τσιτσιμπύρα (tsitsibira), a type of ginger beer, is made. The people of Corfu and the rest of the Ionian islands adopted the drink from the British, during the period of the United States of the Ionian Islands.

In Arabic, ginger is called zanjabil, and in some parts of the Middle East, ginger powder is used as a spice for coffee and for milk,. In Somaliland, ginger is called sinjibil, and is served in coffee shops in Egypt. In Côte d'Ivoire, ginger is ground and mixed with orange, pineapple and lemon to produce a juice called nyamanku. Ginger powder is a component in hawaij, a spice mixture used mostly by Yemenite Jews for soups and coffee."

Ginger tea
A glass with a spoon and cubed sugar on a wooden table
A glass of ginger tea

Ginger tea is a beverage in many countries, made from ginger root. In China, the tea is made by boiling peeled and sliced ginger to which brown sugar is often added. Sliced orange or lemon fruit may also be added to give a flavor, and it may be consumed both hot or cold. In Korean cuisine, ginger tea is called saenggang cha (생강차). It can be made either by boiling the ginger or by mixing hot water and preserved sweetened ginger. For the latter, sliced ginger root is stored with honey for a few weeks like jam.In Japanese cuisine it is called shōgayu (生姜湯)." In Philippine cuisine it is called salabat and served in the relatively cold month of December. From its main ingredient ginger tea derives a flavor that is spicy and stimulating."

"Preliminary research"

Preliminary research indicates that nine compounds found in ginger may bind to human serotonin receptors which may influence gastrointestinal function.

Research conducted in vitro tests show that ginger extract might control the quantity of free radicals and the peroxidation of lipids.

In a 2010 study, daily consumption of ginger was shown to help ease muscle pain associated with exercise by 25%.

Ginger root supplement has been identified in one study to help reduce colon inflammation markers such as PGE2, thus indicating a measure that might affect colon cancer.

In limited studies, ginger was found to be more effective than placebo for treating nausea caused by seasickness, morning sickness and chemotherapy, although ginger was not found superior to placebo for pre-emptively treating post-operative nausea. Data suggests that ginger is mutagenic, and studies warn against taking it during pregnancy, though antimutagenic effects have also been reported. Other preliminary studies showed that ginger may affect arthritis pain or have blood thinning and cholesterol lowering properties, but these effects remain unconfirmed.

Advanced glycation end-products are possibly associated in the development of diabetic cataract for which ginger was effective in preliminary studies, apparently by acting through antiglycating mechanisms.

Zingerone may have activity against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in enterotoxin-induced diarrhea.
Ginger section

The characteristic odor and flavor of ginger is caused by a mixture of zingerone, shogaols and gingerols, volatile oils that compose one to three percent of the weight of fresh ginger. In laboratory animals, the gingerols increase the motility of the gastrointestinal tract and have analgesic, sedative, antipyretic and antibacterial properties. Ginger oil has been shown to prevent skin cancer in mice] and a study at the University of Michigan demonstrated that gingerols can kill ovarian cancer cells.-gingerol (1-[4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl]-5-hydroxy-3-decanone) is the major pungent principle of ginger. The chemopreventive potentials of [6]-gingerol present a promising future alternative to expensive and toxic therapeutic agents.

Ginger contains up to three percent of a fragrant essential oil whose main constituents are sesquiterpenoids, with (-)-zingiberene as the main component. Smaller amounts of other sesquiterpenoids (β-sesquiphellandrene, bisabolene and farnesene) and a small monoterpenoid fraction (β-phelladrene, cineol, and citral) have also been identified.

The pungent taste of ginger is due to nonvolatile phenylpropanoid-derived compounds, particularly gingerols and shogaols, which form from gingerols when ginger is dried or cooked. Zingerone is also produced from gingerols during this process; this compound is less pungent and has a spicy-sweet aroma.[31] Ginger is also a minor chemical irritant, and because of this was used as a horse suppository by pre-World War I mounted regiments for feaguing.

Ginger has a sialagogue action, stimulating the production of saliva, which makes swallowing easier.[citation needed]
Folk medicine
A packet of ginger powder from the Philippines used in brewing salabat (ginger tea).
Ginger house rum, Madagascar

The traditional medical form of ginger historically was called Jamaica ginger; it was classified as a stimulant and carminative and used frequently for dyspepsia, gastroparesis, slow motility symptoms, constipation, and colic.[citation needed] It was also frequently employed to disguise the taste of medicines.

Some studies indicate ginger may provide short-term relief of pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting.[citation needed] Studies are inconclusive about effects for other forms of nausea or in treating pain from rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or joint and muscle injury. Side effects, mostly associated with powdered ginger, are gas, bloating, heartburn, and nausea.

"Tea brewed from ginger is a common folk remedy for colds. Ginger ale and ginger beer are also drunk as stomach settlers in countries where the beverages are made."

"In Burma, ginger and a local sweetener made from palm tree juice (htan nyat) are boiled together and taken to prevent the flu.
In China, ginger is included in several traditional preparations. A drink made with sliced ginger cooked in water with brown sugar or a cola is used as a folk medicine for the common cold. "Ginger eggs" (scrambled eggs with finely diced ginger root) is a common home remedy for coughing.[citation needed] The Chinese also make a kind of dried ginger candy that is fermented in plum juice and sugared, which is also commonly consumed to suppress coughing. Ginger has also been historically used to treat inflammation, which several scientific studies support, though one arthritis trial showed ginger to be no better than a placebo or ibuprofen for treatment of osteoarthritis.
In Congo, ginger is crushed and mixed with mango tree sap to make tangawisi juice, which is considered a panacea.
In India, ginger is applied as a paste to the temples to relieve headache, and consumed when suffering from the common cold. Ginger with lemon and black salt is also used for nausea.
In Indonesia, ginger (jahe in Indonesian) is used as a herbal preparation to reduce fatigue, reducing "winds" in the blood, prevent and cure rheumatism and control poor dietary habits.[citation needed]
In Nepal, ginger is called aduwa, अदुवा and is widely grown and used throughout the country as a spice for vegetables, used medically to treat cold and also sometimes used to flavor tea.
In the Philippines, ginger is known as luya and is used as a throat lozenge in traditional medicine to relieve sore throat. It is also brewed into a tea known as salabat.[35][36]
In the United States, ginger is used to prevent motion and morning sickness. It is recognized as safe by the Food and Drug Administration and is sold as an unregulated dietary supplement. Ginger water was also used to avoid heat cramps in the United States.
In Peru, ginger is sliced in hot water as an infusion for stomach aches as infusión de Kión.
In Japan it is purported to aid blood circulation.[37] Scientific studies investigating these effects have been inconclusive.[33]

Nutritional information
Ginger root (raw) Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 333 kJ (80 kcal)
Carbohydrates 17.77 g
- Sugars 1.70 g
- Dietary fiber 2.0 g
Fat 0.75 g
Protein 1.82 g
Vitamin A 0 IU
Vitamin C 5.0 mg (6%)
Phosphorus 34 mg (5%)
Potassium 415 mg (9%)
Percentages are relative to
US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
Ginger root (ground) Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 1,404 kJ (336 kcal)
Carbohydrates 71.62 g
- Sugars 3.39 g
- Dietary fiber 14.1 g
Fat 4.24 g
Protein 8.98 g
Vitamin A 30 IU
Vitamin C 0.7 mg (1%)
Phosphorus 168 mg (24%)
Potassium 1320 mg (28%)
Percentages are relative to
US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Ginger is on the FDA's "generally recognized as safe" list, though it does interact with some medications, including warfarin. Ginger is contraindicated in people suffering from gallstones, as it promotes the production of bile.[32]

An acute overdose of ginger is usually in excess of about 2 grams of ginger per kilogram of body mass,[38] dependent on level of ginger tolerance, and can result in a state of central nervous system over-stimulation called ginger intoxication or colloquially the "ginger jitters".

Allergic reactions to ginger generally result in a rash, and although generally recognized as safe, ginger can cause heartburn, bloating, gas, belching and nausea, particularly if taken in powdered form. Unchewed fresh ginger may result in intestinal blockage, and individuals who have had ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease or blocked intestines may react badly to large quantities of fresh ginger. Ginger can also adversely affect individuals with gallstones There are also suggestions that ginger may affect blood pressure, clotting, and heart rhythms

Products in Taiwan made from Hebo Natural Products Limited (禾博天然產物有限公司) of China contained ginger contaminated with DIBP, some 80,000 nutritional supplement capsules made with imported ginger powder were seized by the Public Health Department of Taiwan in June 2011
Similar ingredients

Myoga (Zingiber mioga Roscoe) appears in Japanese cuisine; the flower buds are the part eaten.

Another plant in the Zingiberaceae family, galangal, is used for similar purposes as ginger in Thai cuisine. Galangal is also called Thai ginger. Also referred to as galangal, fingerroot (Boesenbergia rotunda), or Chinese ginger or the Thai krachai, is used in cooking and medicine.

A dicotyledonous native species of eastern North America, Asarum canadense, is also known as "wild ginger", and its root has similar aromatic properties, but it is not related to true ginger. The plant also contains aristolochic acid, a carcinogenic compound."

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ARTICLE ABOUT Withania somnifera / ashwagandha / Indian ginseng

Withania somnifera / ashwagandha / Indian ginseng 

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Withania
Species: W. somnifera
Binomial name : Withania somnifera

English Name: Indian Ginseng, Winter cherry, Withania root
Common Indian Names
Gujarati - Asam, Asoda, Ghodasoda
Hindi - Asgandh
Canarese - Amangura, Hirimaddina-gadde, Sogada-bery.
Marathi - Asgundh, Kanchuki, Askandha
Sanskrit - Ashvagandha, Balada, Gandhpatri, Kamrupini, Vajini
Bengali - Ashvagandh
Tamil - Asuragandi
Telugu - Asvagandhi, Penneru
Kannada- Kanchukiu
Urdu - Asgandanagaori
Withania somnifera, known commonly as ashwagandha, Indian ginseng, poison gooseberry, or winter cherry, is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family. Several other species in the genus Withania are morphologically similar. It is used as an herb in Ayurvedic medicine.


This species is a short shrub growing 35 to 75 centimeters tall. Tomentose branches extend radially from a central stem. The flowers are small and green. The ripe fruit is orange-red.


The species name somnifera means "sleep-inducing" in Latin.


Withania somnifera is cultivated in many of the drier regions of India, such as Mandsaur District of Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat,and Rajasthan. It is also found in Nepal.


Withania somnifera is prone to several pests and diseases. Leaf spot disease caused by Alternaria alternata is the most prevalent disease, which is most severe in the plains of Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh. Biodeterioration of its pharmaceutically active components during leaf spot disease has been reported. The Choanephora cucurbitarum causes a stem and leaf rot of Withania somnifera Oxyrachis tarandus, a treehopper, feeds on the apical portions of the stem, making them rough and woody in appearance and brown in colour. The apical leaves are shed and the plant gradually dies. The carmine red spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) is the most prevalent pest of the plant in India.

Culinary use

The berries can be used as a substitute for rennet in cheesemaking.


The main chemical constituents are alkaloids and steroidal lactones. These include tropine and cuscohygrine. The leaves contain the steroidal lactones, withanolides, notably withaferin A, which was the first to be isolated from the plant.

Traditional medicinal uses

The plant's long, brown, tuberous roots are used for medicinal purposes.
In Ayurveda, the berries and leaves are applied externally to tumors, tubercular glands, carbuncles, and ulcers. The roots are used to prepare the herbal remedy ashwagandha, which has been traditionally used to treat various symptoms and conditions.

In two published clinical trials of W. somnifera, the side effects were not significantly different from those experienced by placebo-treated individuals. In the clinical trial of Cooley et al. (2009), Ashwagandha exhibit greater clinical benefit than psychotherapy in mental health (anxiety level), concentration, fatigue, social functioning, vitality, and overall quality of life.


The Constitution of India was passed on 26 November 1949, 10.18 AM IST, but it came into effect completely only on 26 January 1950. Following elections on 21 January 1950, Rajendra Prasad was elected as the president of India. Thus, applying the constitution on 26 January, to mark and respect 26 January and the freedom struggle and the freedom fighters.